Equatorial GuineaThe effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
Why Spain did not colonize Africa?
Spain was less involved in the "Scramble for Africa" because they had already lost their entire colonial empire and were not able to rebuild it.
Why did Spain colonize so little of Africa?
Spain's colonizing Africa was smaller when compared to other European colonizers, even after losing their colonies in the Americas and Pacific, because there was a lack of public support to re-establish themselves as an empire.